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When a tree on your property develops some problems, it is mostly hard to decide when to have the tree removed.
During the process of deciding if a tree removal needs to be done, there are questions that need to be addressed as well as weighing the advantages and disadvantages.
Is the tree a desirable species?
Some undesirable ones include Siberian elm (shown below), black locust, mulberry, box elder, poplars, Norway maple, Bradford pear, mimosa, tree of heaven, willows and empress tree. Characteristics making them undesirable include a weak wood that is prone to repeated breakage, shallow roots, large debris or insect infestation.
How damaged is the tree?
If the damage is fifty percent, it should probably be removed. Even though a tree in decline can survive for years, it will always have that abnormal appearance and growth.
Is there damage in its trunk?
Seams, vertical cracks, older wounds and dead branch stubs indicate internal decay. Severe damage means removal. When the damage is less than twenty-five percent of the trunk’s circumference, the wound can slowly heal over time with no permanent injuries resulting from it.
Is the tree already hollow?
If one-third of the tree’s interior is rotten or hollow, it should probably be removed.
Are there big dead tree branches?
When less than twenty-five percent of the branches are damaged, the tree may survive. Rubbing or crossed branches should be eliminated.
Has there been any excavation causing root damage?
When fifty percent of its root system is badly damaged, it should probably be removed.
Is the tree already leaning?
When it is leaning fifteen percent and more, it should probably be removed.
What is the environment like for the tree?
This is another crucial factor if tree removal is needed. Trees that grow near bodies of water or on rock ledges usually have shallow roots. Trees which are removed nearby is common after recent construction. Trees suddenly exposed to the sun get really stressed due to sudden exposure. Trees which are spared from the removal during construction mostly die after 3 to 5 years.
These are just a few of the questions to consider. There are many more, and when in doubt, ask advice from a tree services company.
Selecting the appropriate corporate gift is serious stuff. Many companies traditionally prepare gifts for their clients in order to strengthen a business relationship and to maintain good rapport. However, buying gifts is not as easy as it seems particularly for overseas clients because they might have different customs and traditions. It is important to undertake a research so as not to offend and alienate a loyal client.
Tips in selecting the appropriate Christmas gift basket
- Gift baskets that contain an assortment of edible and non-perishable goodies are an ideal choice because they do not send any inappropriate message to the recipient. A variety of delicious easy-to-eat treats will be appreciated. Who can say no to a bar of chocolate? It is completely irresistible.
- The gift basket can include a company logo but it should not be so ostentatious to be considered as advertising.
- It is alright for businesses to choose luxurious items but not jewelry, lingerie or perfumes.
- It is important to enclose a card that will identify the sender to ensure that the gift will pass strict security measures. Gifts from unknown and mysterious senders may arouse questions.
- Know the traditions of the recipient’s country to avoid committing a serious faux de pas. For example, if the client is a Muslim, it is best to avoid giving Christmas baskets that contain alcoholic drinks. In America, Canada, Europe and Australia, gifts related to business and hobbies are more appropriate.
- A fruits basket is more than appreciated and it does not violate any dietary laws. Make sure though that the fruits basket will be delivered immediately to make sure it remains fresh and delicious.
- Always stay within a reasonable budget so as not to send a wrong message.
A better option for companies is Christmas hamper baskets from online retailers that put together high quality items suitable for the holiday season. You only need to decide on a theme and budget so that a chrsitmas hamper can be prepared to your requirements. You can also check out the range of items available from the website to ensure that your gift basket will contain something special for the recipient.
It is very likely that you have watched Lord of the Rings and have been quite familiar with Middle Earth. Does Middle Earth really exist or was it a product of Tolkien’s creative vision? An annotated map of Middle Earth was recently discovered from map illustrator Pauline Baynes’ copy of the Lord of the Rings novel. Baynes has reportedly moved the Middle Earth map from another edition of the novel and began her own color and added her own notes on the document. Tolkien himself has annotated the map with green ink and pencil.
The map of Middle Earth was purchased by Oxford Bodleian Libraries from Blackwell Booksellers for an estimated price of £60,000 to join a collection of Tolkien manuscripts and scholarships that were collected since 1979. Although there are plans to putting the map for public display, it is only currently available to Tolkien scholars who need to make a request for viewing.
The map is considered to be a very important document and the presence of Tolkien’s annotations has certainly increased the value of the Middle Earth map. In fact, at the Sotheby’s auction, a June 15 copy of the Hobbit that has been inscribed with 4 lines of Elvish was sold for £137,000 including buyer’s premium.
The Middle Earth map showed Tolkien’s obsession with details. Tolkien who was a professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University used Belgrade, Cyprus and Jerusalem as his reference point. According to Blackwell, the city of Ravenna served as an inspiration for Minas Truth, one of the key locations on the Third Book of Lord of the Rings.
The creation of the map was important to Tolkien’s storytelling and Bodleian was happy with the acquisition. It is only appropriate for the map to stay in Oxford where Tolkien spent most of his adult life. It would be disappointing for the map to be held in some private collection.
Illustrated Maps of significant places can found in private collections. In today’s generation where people are more familiar more digital maps, Illustrated Maps are the examples of artist’s creative visions and research abilities that give a different sense of direction.